History[ edit ] Ireland's indigenous system of law dates from the Iron Age. Known as Brehon law, it developed from customs which had been passed on orally from one generation to the next. Brehon law was administered by brehons. They were similar to judges, though their role was closer to that of arbitrators.
As a legal form of redressing a grievance, this act emerged in the Brehon law system. That it was an ancient ritual can be demonstrated by the fact that it bears almost complete resemblance to the ancient Hindu custom of dbarna. Under law, the person wishing to compel justice had to notify the person they were complaining against and then would sit before their door and remain without food until the wrongdoer accepted the administration or arbitration of Justice.
We find St Calmin fasting against Guaire the Hospitable, St Ronan fasting against Diarmuld, even Patrick himself fasting against several persons to compel them to Justice. Some people even fasted against the saints themselves to get them to give justice and wives also fasted against their erring husbands.
He died in Brixton on 24 Octoberon the seventy-fourth day of his hunger strike.
He was, of course, not the first Irish political prisoner to die on hunger strike during this period. Thomas Ashe died as a result of forcible feeding on 25 September In recent times, and perhaps better known, came the hunger strikes in Long Kesh prison camp, when inten Irish political prisoners died on hunger strike in an attempt to force the administration to restore their rights as political prisoners, taken away from them in But these ten Irish prisoners were not the first to resort to the continuing tradition of the troscad in an attempt to assert their rights during the current struggle in the north of Ireland, nor the first to die on hunger strike.
Frank Stagg, for example, died after a sixty day hunger strike in Wakefield Prison on 12 Februarytrying to compel the reinstatement of recognition of special status withdrawn in The troscad was never entered into lightly and always with full knowledge of the seriousness of the final intent.
The troscad in ancient times was the effective means of someone of lesser social position compelling Justice from someone of higher social position.
Thus Druids could fast against a king, or even a man or woman in the lower order of society could fast against their chieftain. Source Ancient Laws of Ireland:Jun 29, · Irish history with Pat Flannery. This was filmed 6/4/ A very interesting talk on the system of law that was native to Ireland and existed all the way up t.
The Ancient Laws of Ireland from 'The Brehon Laws: A Legal Handbook', by Laurence Ginnell, home; history; Laurence Ginnell. The Brehon Laws: A Legal Handbook.
ANCIENT LAW. S in law and all other branches of learning some knowledge of one system is useful in the study of any other system, so also one cannot well appreciate the.
Brehon Law is the body of ancient native Irish law which was generally operational in Gaelic areas until the completion of the English conquest of Ireland in the early 17th century.
The Brehon Code forms a great body of civil, military, and criminal law. It regulates the various ranks of society, from tbe king down to tbe slave, and enumerates their several rights and privileges.
Brehon Law, from the Old Irish word brithemain, meaning ‘judge’ or ‘jurist’ This. system was implemented throughout the island of Ireland, from Celtic times until it was completely supplanted by the common law in the 17 th century.
Brehon Law formed part of a comprehensive legal system which existed in Ireland up until the 17th century when the laws were banned by Elizabeth 1st and English Common Law took its place. Brehon Law was more civil in nature than criminal.