Clinical and mycological profile of dermatophytosis

Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, V. The dermatophytoses constitute a group of superficial fungal infections of keratinised tissue-epidermis, hair and nails, caused by a closely related group of filamentous fungi, the dermatophytes. Isolation and speciation of dermatophytes by culture and to determine its prevalence.

Clinical and mycological profile of dermatophytosis

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Clinical and mycological profile of dermatophytosis

Dermatophytoses refer to superficial fungal infection of keratinized tissues caused by keratinophilic dermatophytes. According to observations worldwide, dermatophytoses are the most common of the superficial fungal infections.

Introduction

It is common in tropics and may present in epidemic proportions in areas with high rates of humidity. Although common, the precise size of the problem defies measurement. The present study was undertaken to assess the clinical profile of dermatophytic infection and to identify the species of fungi that are prevalent in this region.

A total of patients clinically suspected for dermatophytoses were selected for the study. Out of patients, the maximum were seen in the age groups of years. Tinea corporis was the most common clinical type Trichophyton rubrum was the predominant species isolated Culturing the fungus may identify the species, but it is not essential for the diagnosis as it is not a sensitive test.

Dermatophytosis, dermatophyte, tinea, trichophyton Introduction What was known? Dermatophytosis is a common superficial fungal infection. Tinea corporis and tinea cruris are the common types.

Trichophyton rubrum is the predominant isolate in most clinical types. Dermatophytes are aerobic fungi that produce proteases that digest keratin and allows colonization, invasion and infection of the stratum corneum of the skin, the hair shaft, and the nail.

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Tinea literally refers to insect larva cloth moth that was felt by Romans to be the cause of infection. Dermatophytes are moulds belonging to the three genera of fungi imperfecti 1 Microsporum, 2 Trichophyton, and 3 Epidermophyton.

Materials and Methods The study population included patients clinically suspected as having dermatophytosis randomly selected from the Dermatology outpatient department of Father Muller Medical College hospital Mangalore from August to July A detailed clinical history including age, sex, socioeconomic status, occupation, duration of disease, history of recurrence and type of lesion, similar complaints in the family and contacts with animals or soil were elicited and recorded in all cases.

General physical examination and systemic examination was conducted and investigations like hemoglobin, total count, differential count, blood sugar, and liver function test were done whenever necessary.

Both the sexes aged between 1 and 60 years were included in this study.Relapse after Oral Terbinafine Therapy in Dermatophytosis: A Clinical and Mycological Study. Efficacy of terbinafine compared to lanoconazole and luliconazole in the topical treatment of dermatophytosis in a guinea pig model.

DERMATOPHYTOSIS: INFECTION AND PREVENTION -A REVIEW HTML Full Text. DERMATOPHYTOSIS: INFECTION AND PREVENTION -A REVIEW. Rajesh Kumar 1, Shashi Kant Shukla 1, Anand Pandey 1, Himanshu Pandey 2, Ashutosh Pathak 1 and Anupam Dikshit * 1.

Biological Product Laboratory 1, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, University of Allahabad, Allahabad . There is wide variation in the clinical and mycological profile of dermatophytosis. The detection of emerging organisms may be help in the treatment.

Clinical and mycological profile of dermatophytosis

The study aimed to determine the clinical variants of dermatophytosis and species of fungi responsible for the disease in this region. A total of samples collected which included skin, prevalence, clinical and mycological profile for various dermatophytes.

Materials and . This is a retrospective observational study carried to see clinical and laboratory profile of clinically suspected cases of superficial (cutaneous) fungal infection cases attending Dermatology Out Patient Department (OPD) and Skin scrapings, hair and nail samples were collected and processed according to standard mycological protocol.

The menace of chronic and recurrent dermatophytosis in India: Is the problem deeper than we perceive? Sunil Dogra 1, Shraddha Uprety 2 1 Department of Dermatology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India 2 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Chitwan Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Nepal.

Distribution and Prevalence of Dermatophytes in Semi-Arid Region of India