As I grew older, however, I noticed in movies and on television that the Vietnam veteran is not portrayed as a brave soldier; rather, he is a violent psychopath who continuously experiences flashbacks of the war. What was coverage of the war like, and did it affect the image of the Vietnam veteran? Many Vietnam veterans feel that uncensored and overly negative television coverage helped turn the American public against the war and against the veterans themselves.
Background and causes[ change change source ] Viet Minh wave their flag over a captured French bunker at Dien Bien Phu in The French defeat at Dien Bien Phu in the northern part of Vietnam led the Geneva Conference and the resulting partition of Vietnam into north and south at the 17th Parallel.
Map of a partitioned Vietnam from a U. Communist-controlled North Vietnam is in red; almost all of the ground-fighting was in the non-communist South. France began to colonize Vietnam between andwhen they took control of Saigon. By they controlled all of Cochinchina, the southern part of Vietnam. France took control of Annam, the large central part of Vietnam, in Laos was added after a war with Thailand, the Franco-Siamese Warin Japan occupied Indochina until their surrender in August After the defeat of Nazi Germany, the Vichy government was no longer in control of France or its territories.
The newly formed Provisional Government of the French Republic attempted to take back control of its former colonies in Indochina by force if necessary.
But the French efforts at regaining their colony in Vietnam were opposed by a Vietnamese army called the Viet Minh. This resulted in dividing Vietnam along the 17th parallel into a northern section, under the control of the communists led by Ho Chi Minh as president, and a southern section led by the Catholic anti-communist Ngo Dinh Diem.
The partition was to be temporary until elections in However, Diem started arresting suspected communist sympathizers in to keep power for himself. The elections were never held, and in the north Vietnamese began guerrilla warfare against the south.
The United States supported the anti-communist government in South Vietnam. It began to send military advisors to help train and support the South Vietnamese army. The Viet Cong began a campaign of assassination in InNorth Vietnam dramatically increased its military assistance to the Viet Congwhich then began attacking South Vietnamese military units.
In the American domino theory they feared that if communism took hold in Vietnam, it would spread to other countries nearby. The US said that three North Vietnamese torpedo boats attacked the destroyer. The Maddox fired back and damaged the three torpedo boats.
In this second attack the US ships did not actually see the torpedo boats, but said they had found them using the ship's radar. After the alleged second attack the U.
RES on 7 August This gave the president the power to run large-scale military operations in Southeast Asia without declaring war.
There was little to no proof of these attacks and it was believed by some that they were an excuse for expanded U. Supplies and soldiers from North Vietnam were sent through Laos to communists forces in South Vietnam. As part of a policy called "Vietnamization", South Vietnamese troops were trained and equipped to replace the Americans who left.
By95 percent of the American troops were gone.It is widely agreed that the Tet Offensive was the key period of coverage of the Vietnam War, as this was the start of the shift to more critical reporting by the media. This is important because negative coverage in mainstream news encourages opponents of government policy to speak out.
The Tet Offensive was a coordinated series of North Vietnamese attacks on more than cities and outposts in South Vietnam. The offensive was an attempt to foment rebellion among the South. Is there honor in a losing battle?
The US military faced this question in Vietnam. Its response would eventually change how the media covered war and how Americans perceive it. In the first of several articles leading up to the new documentary series “The Vietnam War,” directed by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, premiering Sept.
17 on PBS, Rewire examines the relationship between media coverage and public opinion of the Vietnam War. Reporting Vietnam: Media and Military at War [William M. Hammond] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
For many Americans during the Vietnam era, the war on the home front seemed nearly as wrenching and hardfought as the one in Southeast Asia. Its primary battlefield was the news media.
The Vietnam War (also known as Second Indochina War or American War in Vietnam) lasted from the 1 November - 30 of April , (19 years, 5 months, 4 weeks and 1 day).It was fought between North Vietnam and South ashio-midori.com Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union, China and North Korea, while South Vietnam was supported by the United States, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand, and the.