It killed more people, cost more money, damaged more property, affected more people, and caused more far-reaching changes in nearly every country than any other war in history. The number of people killed, wounded, or missing between September and September can never be calculated, but it is estimated that more than 55 million people perished. More than 50 countries took part in the war, and the whole world felt its effects.
Guessing would not be useful, and hopes could not be blind. The coming of the end of the war needed to be a matter of educated assessment, flexible planning and unprecedented coordination within government and the armed services.
Fortunately, Winston Spencer Churchill proved to be a master at meeting all of those demands. Above all, Churchill clearly foresaw the end of war in Europe. He showed such sound judgment, in fact, that one could say his predictions make a handsome bookend to his other, long-recognized predictions in the s about the coming of the war.
He was also brilliantly adept at preparing his nation and its allies for the problems that they would face when peace finally did return. During the dark days of and victory seemed a remote possibility to even the most patriotic Britain. On July 3,he grimly informed Soviet Ambassador Ivan Maisky, My general strategy at present is to last out the next three months.
Even while trying to cobble together an adequate defense after the debacle in France and then becoming enmeshed in the Battle of Britain, the prime minister continued to develop a strategy for winning a long war.
The fall of France in June had been a severe blow. The despair felt by many as the Germans and their allies seemed to be effortlessly winning incredible victories is easy to understand. Much of Europe was under Axis domination, America was neutral, the Soviet Union was allied — however tenuously — with Hitler, and a badly battered Britain stood alone as waves of German aircraft began to blacken the skies over England.
Many educated observers of military and political affairs in Europe, America and even Britain shared his views. Churchill, however, remained resolute. Despite his personal loathing of the Communist regime, on April 3,Churchill directed Sir Stafford Cripps, his ambassador in Moscow, to personally deliver a note to Stalin that explained the threat.
Stalin and his henchmen, who Churchill described as the most completely outwitted bunglers of the Second World War, ignored the warnings. On June 22, German divisions crashed into Soviet territory. Incredibly, Stalin acted with shock and surprise to the invasion and virtually disappeared for 10 days before returning to his duties and taking measures to repulse the Axis forces.
Despite the early setbacks, unlike numerous others, Churchill never considered the cause lost.
There is hardly a suggestion in the hundreds of memoranda, speeches and recorded private remarks of the prime minister during the period that he doubted the ultimate outcome. On the contrary, he expected a British victory.
Just before the Nazis struck the Soviet Union, Churchill confided to an aide that British policy would be to fight on, and to aid the Russian armies as long as they were capable of resisting. But, he added with prescience, The war might drag on for another four or five years.
His telephone conversation with Franklin D. Roosevelt soon after receiving news of the attack was short but significant. After giving the prime minister a brief account of what he knew, the president simply said, We are all in the same boat now.
Although still unsure of the extent of the damage, the attack and its meaning was clear to both leaders.
So we had won after all! He cabled the Australian prime minister five days after Pearl Harbor that accession of the United States as a full war partner…makes the end certain. With the Americans now fully committed, those strategic plans began to develop more rapidly.
Marshall, supported an invasion of the Continent as early as possible. Leading a country that was already stretched to the limit and trying to recover from earlier defeats, Churchill held out for a later invasion date that would allow the Americans sufficient time to build the weapons and mobilize the manpower necessary for a costly campaign in Western Europe.In World War II, the three great Allied powers—Great Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union—formed a Grand Alliance that was the key to victory.
But the alliance partners did not share common political aims, and did not always agree on how the war should be fought.
Just before the onset of World War II, the Japanese Army in Mongolia had been decisively defeated by those elite Siberian Soviet army units at Khalkan Gol and Lake Khasan in an almost secret encounter that involved a million soldiers. Welcome. This website aims to enhance insight of interesting and exciting World War 2 topics.
Instead of over-detailed or too technical essays, its focus is presenting and explaining why and how things happened the way they did in World War 2, with a better perspective of when they happened during that war. It's more useful and interesting to learn about World War .
Japan - World War II and defeat: The European war presented the Japanese with tempting opportunities. After the Nazi attack on Russia in , the Japanese were torn between German urgings to join the war against the Soviets and their natural inclination to seek richer prizes from the European colonial territories to the south.
In Japan . World War II (WWII or WW2), also called the Second World War and, in the Soviet Union, the Great Patriotic War, was a global war involving fighting in many parts of the world and many ashio-midori.com countries fought – but some started fighting in Most of the world's countries, including all the great powers, fought as part of .
The Second World War [Antony Beevor] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A masterful and comprehensive chronicle of World War II, by internationally bestselling historian Antony Beevor. Over the past two decades.