Americans are divided about the direction that American society and way of life have taken since the s. Perceptions about cultural shifts since the s divide Americans across a number of demographic groups. However, there are notable differences among whites by class. Notably, the views of white men and white women are nearly identical.
When it began, North and South Korea existed as provisional governments competing for control over the Korean peninsula, due to the division of Korea by outside powers.
He then pushed north, capturing Pyongyang in October. Chinese intervention the following month drove UN forces south again. MacArthur then planned for a full-scale invasion of China, but this was against the wishes of President Truman and others who wanted a limited war. He was dismissed and replaced by General Matthew Ridgeway.
The war then became a bloody stalemate for the next two and a half years while peace negotiations dragged on. The Vietnam War began in The Viet Minh began an assassination campaign in early An article by French scholar Bernard Fall published in July concluded that a new war had begun.
The operation was a military success, but after the United States and Soviet Union united in opposition to the invasion, the invaders were forced to withdraw. This was seen as a major humiliation, especially for the two Western European countries, and symbolizes the beginning of the end of colonialism and the weakening of European global importance, specifically the collapse of the British Empire.
Algerian War — — An important decolonization war, it was a complex conflict characterized by guerrilla warfaremaquis fighting, terrorism against civilians, use of torture on both sides and counter-terrorism operations by the French Army.
The war eventually led to the independence of Algeria from France.
Internal conflicts[ edit ] Fidel Castro becomes the leader of Cuba as a result of the Cuban Revolution Cuban Revolution — — The overthrow of Fulgencio Batista by Fidel CastroChe Guevara and other forces resulted in the creation of the first communist government in the Western hemisphere.
The Mau Mau began retaliating against the British in Kenya. This led to concentration camps in Kenya, a British military victory, and the election of moderate nationalist Jomo Kenyatta as leader of Kenya. The wind of destruction began in Rwanda in following the assault of Hutu politician Dominique Mbonyumutwa by Tutsi forces.
This was the beginning of decades of ethnic violence in the country, which culminated in the Rwandan Genocide. Decolonization and Independence[ edit ] Decolonization of former European Colonial empires. The Federation of Malaya peacefully gained independence from the United Kingdom in French rule ended in Algeria inVietnam left French Indo-china in The rival states of North Vietnam and South Vietnam were formed.
Cambodia and the Kingdom of Laos also gained independence, effectively ending French presence in Southeast Asia.
Large-scale decolonization in Africa first began in the s. InLibya became the first African country to gain independence in the decade, and in the Algerian War began. On November 1,two Puerto Rican nationalists staged an attempted assassination on U.
The leader of the team Griselio Torresola had firearm experience and Oscar Collazo was his accomplice.
They made their assault at the Blair House where President Truman and his family were staying. Torresola mortally wounded a White House policeman, Leslie Coffeltwho shot Torresola dead before expiring himself.
Collazo, as a co-conspirator in a felony that turned into a homicide, was found guilty of murder and was sentenced to death in but then his sentence was later commuted to life in prison. On 7 Julythe first Group Areas Act was promulgated by the Parliament of South Africa and implemented over a period of several years.
The passing of the Act contributed significantly to the period of institutionalised racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa known as Apartheidwhich lasted from to One of the most famous uses of the Group Areas Act was the destruction of Sophiatowna suburb of Johannesburgwhich began on the 9th of February Establishment of the Non-aligned Movementconsisting of nations not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
American Social Policy in the ’s and ’s. by Jerry D. Marx, Ph.D., M.S.W., University of New Hampshire The Affluent Society. As the decade of the s began, the United States had the “highest mass standard of living” in world history. 1 The strong American postwar economy of the late s and s continued into the s. In . The civil rights movement was a struggle for social justice that took place mainly during the s and s for blacks to gain equal rights under the law in the United States. The Civil War had. If the twenty-first century is to be the American century, government must be redirected to its proper and legitimate role. The growth of government is the greatest tragedy of the twentieth century. For a copy of the complete report from which this essay is taken, please write or call The Institute for Policy Innovation, S. Stemmons, Suite , .
The maximum territorial extent of countries in the world under Soviet influenceafter the Cuban Revolution of and before the official Sino-Soviet split of Asia[ edit ] The U.
Japan held democratic elections and recovered economically.
In — France tried to contain a growing communist insurgency led by Ho Chi Minh. At the Geneva Conference of France and the Communists agreed to divide Vietnam and hold elections in It resulted in the previous incumbent government in China, the Republic of Chinaretreating to the islands of Taiwan and Hainan until the Landing Operation on Hainan Island.The s (pronounced nineteen-fifties; commonly abbreviated as the ' 50s or Fifties) was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, , and ended on December 31, During the '50s, though, the number of cars in the U.S.
nearly doubled from 39 million to 74 million. By , 80% of American families had at least one car and 15% had two or more. 32 By making radical year-to-year design changes, Detroit automakers encouraged consumers to scrap older cars to buy the latest models, even as often as once a year.
disliked a powerful federal government and feared declining social ashio-midori.com Reagan was victorious in partially due tok the frustrations of many Americans over the loss of American economic and political supremacy in the worldQuestion The fear of foreign ideas and values created by the McCarthyism scare caused a resurgence in American Conservatism during the s.
The government encouraged conformity and political consensus followed. The American people were willing to buy into McCarthyism out of fear.
In addition to the movies that have been mentioned, many of the space movies of the 50s were using aliens to symbolize the. Musicals were an important and popular component to the American theater scene in the s. During the s several Rodgers and Hammerstein musical shows were popular on Broadway in Manhattan, notably Carousel, Oklahoma!, South Pacific, The King and I, Flower Drum Song, and The Sound of Music.