The history and evolution of the tourism industry

Lord Thomsons aim was to make foreign travel possible.

The history and evolution of the tourism industry

Globalised tourism's socio-economic place within the framework of the leisure and holidaying opportunities on offer today has attracted particular attention. Such accounts often leave out the fact that this also has a history. The present article aims to overcome this shortcoming: It deals with early forms of travel in the classical world and the Middle Ages, as well as the precursors of modern tourism, Bildungsreisen "educational journeys" and the middle-class culture of travel.

Brief History

It then examines the boom in mass tourism in the 19th century and the unique expansion of tourism in the s characterised by new forms of holidaying and experience shaped by globalisation.

InhaltsverzeichnisTable of Contents Tourism as a Globalised System Tourism is often seen as a global phenomenon with an almost incomprehensibly massive infrastructure.

Its importance is evident from the fact that its influence thoroughly penetrates society, politics, culture and, above all, the economy. Indeed, this is the branch of the global economy with the most vigorous growth: There exists a complex, interwoven world-wide structure dedicated to satisfying the specific touristic needs of mobile individuals, groups and masses.

Since its inception, tourism has polarised: Beginning in the early s, an early theory of Fremdenverkehr — a now obsolete term for tourism — emerged in the German-speaking world that dealt mainly with business and economic problems; since the s, it has been replaced by the ever-expanding field of tourism studies.

This gives many disciplines the space to approach the subject of tourism, or at least aspects of it, from their own particular academic perspective. Today, tourism studies means the multi-disciplinary bundle of academic approaches in the sense of an undisguised "transdiscipline", 2 which can find different applications.

However, tourism studies does not exist as an integrated field of study. Instead, there are countless empirical accounts, case studies, approaches, theories and perspectives in individual disciplines, including economy, geography, psychology, architecture, ecology, sociology, political science and medicine.

At first, the fields of business studies and economics dominated a study of tourism that was grounded in an institutional approach; 3 general accounts, 4 analyses from the cultural sciences and historical surveys 5 came conspicuously late.

Admittedly, cultural and social history, as well as historical anthropology, 6 have been opening up to the questions surrounding tourism for some time.

The history and evolution of the tourism industry

At the same time, it is impossible to ignore the historical prerequisites and development of travelling habits and holidaying styles if one wants to understand the nature of tourism today. This is true not only of concepts and ideas associated with the topic, but also the specific insights which the disciplines employed aim to provide.

Conducting historical research on tourism within the context of the discipline of history is not synonymous with the task of writing a history of tourism or parts of it. It is a conscious attempt to give an overview that picks up on the classic processes, stages, types and trends of modern tourism in order to place them in the context of their historical development.

In general, there is a consensus that one should understand tourism as a phenomenon of modernity and place its appearance in the context of middle-class society from about the middle of the eighteenth century.

However, this does not exclude historically older, "related" forms of travel, which should at least be remembered here.History of the Hotel Industry The hospitality industry’s history can be traced back by the end of s in the Colonial Period. This industry has been the subject of important development over the years as it has faced many obstacles such as the World Wars, the great depression, the industrial revolution and other social changes.

Spotlight On: The Tourism Industry Association of BC. Founded in as the Council of Tourism Associations, today the Tourism Industry Association of BC (TIABC) is a not-for-profit trade association comprising members from private sector tourism businesses, industry associations, and destination marketing organizations (DMOs).

• Tourism History • Tourism History Post • Chronology of Events • Heads of Tourism The History of The Ministry of Tourism. by Author. The Early Years.

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The Bahamas first recognized the potential of a tourism industry way back in the middle of the last century when its Government passed a Tourism Encouragement Act in The history of Tourism 1.

THE HISTORY OF TOURISM 2. The History of Tourism As seasons changed and animals migrated, people traveled to survive. These early travelers moved on foot, they were limited to quite small geographical areas.

Early Forms of Travel and Types of Journey This was followed by a second act passed in
The Evolution and Development of Tourism by Patricia Rose Arceno on Prezi The room Constant Spring Hotel was built inbut the real spur to development was the Jamaica International Exhibition planned for In order to house the visitors who were expected to come to the Exhibition, the Jamaica Hotels Law was passed in to encourage hotel construction.
Special forms of tourism Lord Thomsons aim was to make foreign travel possible. This had had a huge effect on the industry since now people are able to travel around the world.
Tourism as a Globalised System Introduction Special forms of tourism International tourism is playing an increasingly important role in the global economy. The new millennium was marked not only the rise of international tourist traffic, but also the emergence of new trends in the industry.
Brief History – Jamaica Tourist Board Textbook Travel Utilizing the widest definition of the word, human beings have been traveling since the dawn of time.

In this time, travel may remained a localized experience, but people by nature are interested. Travelers climbing a mountain and crossing rivers to satisfy their. By the formation of the tourism industry, especially in the United Kingdom and Europe, was effected by the development of a number of very big companies.

“In the USA, American anti-trust laws discouraged, if not prohibited, the development of large integrated companies”. History of Tourism Development in China Between and , China was closed-off to foreigners with the exception of a selected few.

During that time, travel and tourism was for all intents and purposes considered a political activity.

History of Travel and Tourism timeline | Timetoast timelines