What are social groups?
Introduction[ edit ] In sociology, a group is usually defined as a number of people who identify and interact with one another. This is a very broad definition, as it includes groups of all sizes, from dyads to whole societies.
While an aggregate comprises merely a number of individuals, a group in sociology exhibits cohesiveness to a larger degree. Aspects that members in the group may share include: One way of determining if a collection of people can be considered a group is if individuals who belong to that collection use the self-referent pronoun "we;" using "we" to refer to a collection of people often implies that the collection thinks of itself as a group.
Examples of groups include: Collections of people that do not use the self-referent pronoun "we" but share certain characteristics e.
Such collections are referred to as categories of people rather than groups; examples include: Individuals form groups for a variety of reasons.
There are some rather obvious ones, like reproduction, protection, trade, protest, and food production. But social categorization of people into groups and categories also facilitates behavior and action. Suppose you are driving somewhere in a car when you notice red lights flashing in your rearview mirror.
Because you have been socialized into society, you know that the red lights mean you should pull over, so you do.
After waiting for a minute or two, an individual in a uniform walks toward your car door. You roll down your window and the individual asks you for your "license and registration. In short, because you recognize that the individual driving the car belongs to a specific social category or groupyou can enter this interaction with a body of knowledge that will help guide your behavior.
You do not have to learn how to interact in that situation every single time you encounter it. In fact, sociologists have long recognized the people experience much of social life by attempting to frame situations in terms they can understand.
To accomplish this, people scan situations for information "given" e.
Based on this information, people then act in ways they have been socialized to believe is appropriate for the situation.
In the case above, for example, you as the driver would note the information given e. In so doing, you would be using the knowledge of groups at your disposal to manage the situation. Such interpretive work combined with social categorizations to smooth a wide variety of interactional and interpretive experiences.
Social Identity Theory[ edit ] Social identity is a theory developed by Henri Tajfel and John Turner to understand the psychological basis of intergroup discrimination.
As developed by Tajfel, Social Identity Theory is a diffuse but interrelated group of social psychological theories concerned with when and why individuals identify with, and behave as part of, social groups, adopting shared attitudes to outsiders.An out-group, conversely, is a group someone doesn’t belong to; often we may feel disdain or competition in relationship to an out-group.
Sports teams, unions, and sororities are examples of in-groups and out-groups; people may belong to, or be an outsider to, any of these. A social group consists of two or more people who regularly interact on the basis of mutual expectations and who share a common identity.
It is easy to see from this definition that we all belong to many types of social groups: our families, our different friendship groups, the sociology class and other courses we attend, our workplaces, the clubs and organizations to which we belong, and so.
What Type of Group Do You Belong To? 21 Comments. There are different type of groups in school or even in public or the workplace. Populars, band geeks, goth kids.
Have a look around and see what we're about. Quiz topic: What Type of Group do I Belong To? Trending Quizzes. What mental disorder do you have? Are You a Hypochondriac? Are. Belonging would seem like an expected thing, as we belong to many groups in society, ranging from groups we are born in to, such as family, our town, our country even, and to groups which we choose, such as friendship circles, sporting clubs and many more.
There are, broadly speaking, five different types of communities.
You can classify every type of community by the purpose that brings them together. About 90% of community projects, especially branded communities, try to develop a community of interest. But a . In-Groups and Out-Groups.
One of the ways that groups can be powerful is through inclusion, and its inverse, exclusion. The feeling that we belong in an elite or select group is a heady one, while the feeling of not being allowed in, or of being in competition with a group, can be motivating in a different way.